|The Creer Surname DNA Study coordinator has no commercial affiliation with any
profit making organisation and receives no compensation for services or expenses
involved with the project. At present, this webpage is maintained for promoting
the study and posting results.
|Although the Creer Surname DNA Study has arranged for discounts at FTDNA,
that by no means suggests a business partnership or other relationship between
the Study and FTDNA. All funds are payable only and directly to the FTDNA. The Creer Surname DNA Study will not be the recipient nor steward of
any DNA samples and has no responsibility for their care, handling or return to
participant, nor duty to act on behalf of any participant in mediation of any
dispute between the participant and the FTDNA.
|There is always a possibility that you could
get disappointing test results. DNA analysis and interpretation in
genealogy is not yet an exact science. Samples that vary by three or
more markers from the main group may do so for a number of reasons. One
possibility is that they represent distinct lines either older or younger
than the currently observed most frequent line. Another is that there has
been a "non-paternity event" eg an illegitimate birth, at an
unknown past time.
| There are several possible types of non-paternity event in
addition to a pregnancy gained outside of a marriage.
|For example, a child may be adopted and given the Creer name
|Where there might have been infidelity within a marriage and the Creer
husband was not the father of the child
|A man may take the Creer name when he marries a Creer
|A Creer man may marry a pregnant woman whose husband has
|A couple where the wife is born a Creer may choose to give their
children the Creer name for various reasons
|Clerical error in recording administrative data may assign a Creer
name to the wrong person, and so on.
|It should be stressed that adoptions were quite common in every age
(i.e. parents died by disease or war and a relative took in the children
and raised them with their name, or young daughters had a child out of
wedlock and the parents raised it as their own). Some may not want to
see a result indicating a non-paternity event but we are all legally
named Creer and that does not alter.
|Furthermore a small sample size could be misleading. One may get a DNA
sequence which suggests no connection or a possible non-paternity event
but they could be of the original blood Creer line. For example 20
people are tested and 19 are very similar but the last is clearly
different. It could turn out that the 19 descend from the same person
300 years ago and this person was an adopted Creer while the other is of
the original blood line going back 800 years.
|While a match between two participants may indicate that they share a common
male ancestor, it will not identify the specific ancestor and there is no
guarantee that every participant will match another participant.
|Release of Liability - for good consideration each participant
forever releases and discharges John A Creer, Creer DNA Study Coordinator,
from any and all claims, liabilities, judgments, and proceedings, both at
law and in equity, arising from his participation in the Creer DNA Study.
|This Release and waiver is given in the interests of permitting the
Creer DNA Project to proceed in the genealogical testing of participants
and of permitting John A Creer to serve the desires of the Creer
families involved to seek better genealogical understanding through DNA
|Furthermore, this release is given to enable John A Creer to feel free
to donate his services and time in organizing this project without fear
|By participation in the project, the participant agrees to all conditions of
the Study, unless he has specifically advised the Study
Coordinator of any reservations or disagreement.
|The webmaster is keen to respect the privacy of all individuals whether
they are researching our name or bear it. In order to maintain this pledge,
this site does not contain any contact data other than the contact email
address of the webmaster.
|If any data on this website is inaccurate, or if anything in it offends
you, please contact the webmaster